alexander kolchak tno

Having served with distinction in both the Russo-Japanese War and the Great War, Kislitsin is a very … Extracts from it were published under the title "The Arctic Pack and the Polynya" in the volume issued in 1929 by the American Geographical Society, Problems of Polar Research. For his explorations Kolchak received the highest award of the Russian Geographical Society. Arriving in Omsk, Siberia, en route to enlisting with the Volunteer Army, he agreed to become a minister in the (White) Siberian Regional Government. [15] Among his awards are the Saint George Gold Sword for Bravery, given for his actions in the battle of Port Arthur[15] and the Great Gold Constantine Medal from the Russian Geographic Society.[15][16]. Anti-Communist risings in Simbirsk, Kazan, Viatka, and Samara assisted their endeavours. Aleksandr Vasiliyevich Kolchak (russo: Алекса́ндр Васи́льевич Колча́к, 16 de novembro de 1874 — 7 de fevereiro de 1920) foi um comandante naval russo, um explorador polar e antigo líder de parte do Exército Branco durante a guerra civil russa. Эволюция судебно-правовых норм ответственности за государственные преступления в законодательстве белых правительств в 1917—1922 гг. Kolchak was educated for a naval career, graduating from the Naval Cadet Corps in 1894 and joining the 7th Naval Battalion of the city. In normal gameplay, these invasions will always fail as wars between Germany and these nations will trigger Mutually Assured Destruction and end the world. Kolchak graduated from the Naval Cadet Corps in 1894. After the February Revolution in 1917, the Black Sea fleet descended into political chaos. Цветков В. Ж. Белый террор – преступление или наказание? Kolchak’s wife, Sophia Fedorovna Kolchak, was born in 1876 in Kamenetz-Podolsk province. New York, American Geographical Society, 1928. Articles 99–101 allowed the death penalty, forced labor and imprisonment, repression by military courts, and imposed no investigation commissions. The remaining cabinet members met and voted for Kolchak to become the head of government with emergency powers. Kolchak took part in two Arctic expeditions and for a while was nicknamed "Kolchak-Poliarnyi" ("Kolchak the Polar"). The commander responded, "I'll see what can be done, if I don't forget about it."[13]. [citation needed]. [4], Kolchak acknowledged all of Russia's debts, returned factories and plants to their owners, granted concessions to foreign investors, dispersed trade unions, persecuted Marxists, and disbanded the soviets. Kolchak was born in Saint Petersburg in 1874. The newly formed Red Army proved unwilling to fight and retreated, allowing the Whites to advance to a line stretching from Glazov through Orenburg to Uralsk. His armies, though at first successful, eventually were routed. Göring War Plan C Nations. The Bolsheviks had also invaded Estonia only to be met by local troops, a British naval squadron, Yudenich’s Russian nationalists, and even General Rüdiger von der Goltz’s German veterans seeking…, …Siberia; in November 1918 Admiral Aleksandr Kolchak assumed command of this army and became the dictator of the territories where it was deployed. Kolchak had also aroused the dislike of potential allies including the Czechoslovak Legion and the Polish 5th Rifle Division. The Left SR leaders in Russia denounced Kolchak and called for him to be killed. Alexander Kolchak (1874-1920) served as an admiral in the Imperial Navy. In November 1918, the unpopular regional government was overthrown in a British sponsored coup d'etat. pp. As was mentioned above, the American commander, General Graves, disliked Kolchak and refused to lend him any military aid at all. The film portrays the Admiral (Konstantin Khabensky) as a tragic hero with a very deep love for his country. Pereira. Civil War in Siberia: The Anti-Bolshevik Government of Admiral Kolchak, Jonathan D. Smele. Elizaveta Boyarskaya appears as his common law wife, Anna Timireva. Aleksandr Vasilyevich Kolchak, (born Nov. 4 [Nov. 16, New Style], 1874, St. Petersburg, Russia—died Feb. 7, 1920, Irkutsk, Siberia), Arctic explorer and naval officer, who was recognized in 1919–20 by the “Whites” as supreme ruler of Russia; after his overthrow he was put to death by the Bolsheviks. The White forces re-established a line along the Tobol and the Ishim rivers to temporarily halt the Reds. Kolchak's fleet was successful at sinking Turkish colliers. While one might usually associate Roman descent to Mussolini and his Roman-revival style of rhetoric, there is a much odder case in the world where, from the frozen shores of Novo-Arkhangelsk, in Aleyska, a wanna-be Caesar, Alexander Kolchak, styling himself 'Supreme Leader and Commander-in-Chief of All Russian Land and Sea Forces' for all the good that gives him, and his court … Bogdanov, St. Petersburg Sudostroyeniye 1993. View phone numbers, addresses, public records, background check reports and possible arrest records for Alexandra Kolchak. Ultimately, the British Foreign Office decided that Kolchak could do more for the Allied cause by toppling Vladimir Lenin and the Bolsheviks and bringing Russia back into the war on the Allied side. "[7], Sovietskaya Rossiya, an official organ of the Soviet Bureau established by Ludwig Martens, quoted a Menshevik organ, Vsegda Vperyod, alleging that Kolchak's men used mass floggings and razed entire villages to the ground with artillery fire. Age: 36 (January 9, 1883). Next he tried, unsuccessfully, to coordinate White Russian forces in Manchuria. Who's Who - Alexander Kolchak Admiral Alexander Kolchak (1874-1920) commanded the Russian Black Sea fleet from 1916, and succeeded in harrying the Turkish navy in the sector until the advent of the Russian revolution brought about his recall and subsequent career … One notable disaster took place under Kolchak's watch: the dreadnought Imperatritsa Mariya blew up in the port of Sevastopol on 7 October 1916. Alexander Vasilyevich was born on November 16, 1874 in a suburb of Petersburg into the family of … Alexander Kolchak was one of the White leaders during the civil war that followed the November 1917 Revolution. Instead, he was handed over to the Left SR authorities in Irkutsk on 14 January. Aleksandr Vasilyevich Kolchak, (born Nov. 4 [Nov. 16, New Style], 1874, St. Petersburg, Russia—died Feb. 7, 1920, Irkutsk, Siberia), Arctic explorer and naval officer, who was recognized in 1919–20 by the “Whites” as supreme ruler of Russia; after … In 1916, in a model combined Army-Navy assault, the Russian Black Sea fleet helped the Russian army to take the Ottoman city of Trebizond (modern Trabzon). Kolchak serves in the navy. Reluctantly, Kolchak accepted the British suggestions and with a heavy sense of foreboding, he returned to Russia. As there was a continued flood of refugees eastwards, typhus became a serious problem. According to eyewitnesses, Kolchak was entirely calm and unafraid, "like an Englishman." 4,000 peasants allegedly became victims of field courts and punitive expeditions and that all dwellings of rebels were burned down. He became an important White army commander during the Russian Civil War, declaring himself supreme commander of all non-Bolshevik Russia in November 1918. Initially the White forces under his command had some success. Freed from the geographical constraints of the mountains, the Reds made rapid progress, capturing Chelyabinsk on 25 July and forcing the White forces to the north and south to fall back to avoid being isolated. When the Red forces managed to reorganise and turn the attack against Kolchak, from 1919 he quickly lost ground. Admiral Essen was not satisfied to remain only on the defensive and ordered Kolchak to prepare a scheme for attacking the approaches of the German naval bases. By the fall of 1919, Kolchak's rear was completely disintegrating. Political intrigues were unknown to them and they were ready to work with men of any political party, so long as they knew that these men were sincere in their endeavours to free Russia... and to make it possible, after the end of the war, for a National Assembly, chosen by the people, to decide the character of the future Government of Russia. On the contrary, a former Chief of Staff to Admiral Kolchak wrote,[11]. He … The Taseev Soviet Partisan Republic was founded south-east of Yeniseysk in early 1919. He stated that the only way to save the country was to reestablish discipline and restore capital punishment in the army and navy. "[5], On 11 April 1919, the Kolchak's government adopted Regulation no. Kolchak's primary mission was to support General Yudenich in his operations against the Ottoman Empire. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). There he presented his view on the condition of the Russian armed forces and their complete demoralisation. Under Russian law he remains a criminal - just as he was judged in 1920 when captured by Siberian revolutionaries, who found him guilty - without a formal trial - of the killing of thousands of workers and peasants who had revolted against his authority. Project of the Russian government Сoat of arms. On his arrival at Petrograd, Kolchak was invited to a meeting of the Provisional Government. Alexander Kolchak's Short Biography : November 4, 1874 (November 16, 1874 old style) Birth in St. Petersburg, Russia : 1904 - 1905 : Russo-Japanese War. Problems of Polar Research: a Series of Papers by Thirty-one Authors. Kolchak commanded the Vaigach during this expedition and later worked at the Academy of Sciences with the materials collected by him during expeditions. The Russian Republic was a short-lived state which controlled, de jure, the territory of the former Russian Empire after its proclamation by the Russian Provisional Government on 1 September (14 September, N.S.) Postage stamp issued in 1919 with the inscription "For United Russia – Supreme leader of Russia Kolchak". Kolchak had put around 110,000 men into the field facing roughly 95,000 Bolshevik troops. Kolchak visited the American Fleet and its ports, and decided to return to Russia via Japan. On 20 January the government in Irkutsk surrendered power to a Bolshevik military committee. The Socialist-Revolutionary (SR) Directory leader and members were arrested on 18 November by a troop of Cossacks under ataman Krasilnikov. Whitepages people search is the most trusted directory. Forgive me for the courage with which I decided to send you a few things that one can no longer find in Russia and which, perhaps, will be useful to you. Travelling a section of track controlled by the Czechoslovaks he was sidetracked and stopped; by December his train had only reached Nizhneudinsk. There is also a Kolchak Island. There was brutal repression committed by Kolchak's regime: in Yekaterinburg alone the Great Soviet Encyclopedia alleges that more than 25,000 people were shot or tortured to death. Check this event in the Timeline of the Russian Civil War. The devil with them. Upon hearing of the October Revolution, Kolchak offered to enlist in the British Army to continue the struggle. Kolchak failed to convince potentially friendly Finland join with him against the Bolsheviks. In June 1917, after the February revolution, he resigned under pressure and went to the United States. All were in varying measures supported by Great Britain with money…, Aleksandr V. Kolchak, with the assistance of British and U.S. military missions. "Admiral Kolchak". He was soon transferred to the Far East, s… The Provisional All-Russian Government has come to an end. Personality assessment Kolchak is one of the most controversial and tragic pages of Russian history of the 20th century. Joining a fourteen man cabinet, he was a prestige figure; the government hoped to play on the respect he had with the Allies, especially the head of the British military mission, General Alfred Knox. Stanford University Press. When passing through London he was greeted cordially by the First Sea Lord, Admiral Sir John Jellicoe, who offered him transport on board a British cruiser on his way to Halifax. [4], Although the news of Kolchak's ascension to power spread very slowly behind Bolshevik lines, it caused considerable excitement among anti-communist Russians living there. Жизнь и деятельность", http://militera.lib.ru/bio/plotnikov/03.html, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Alexander_Kolchak?oldid=4779550, Admiral Kolchak. He alienated the Czechoslovak Legion, which for a time was a powerful organized military force and very strongly anti-Bolshevik. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Updates? Those villages whose population meets troops with arms, burn down the villages and shoot the adult males without exception. Aleksandr Vasilijevitj Koltjak (ryska: Александр Васильевич Колчак), född 16 november 1874 i Sankt Petersburg, arkebuserad 7 februari 1920 i Irkutsk, var en rysk marinbefälhavare och därefter antibolsjevikisk ledare.Han var under delar av ryska inbördeskriget antikommunistisk statschef och den viktigaste ledaren för den vita armén American and Japanese troops occupied Vladivostok on the Pacific. In the early stages of the Russo-Japanese War, he served as watch officer on the cruiser Askold,[3] and later commanded the destroyer Serdityi. 1900-1902 Russian Polar Expedition map.svg 568 × 259; 3.18 MB The Entente has named Kolchak the Supreme Ruler of Russia. The British must have had even greater plans for Kolchak since Colonel John Ward, one of the senior British Army officers in Siberia, stayed with Kolchak to advise him and the 23rd Middlesex "Die-hards" Infantry Battalion were assigned as Kolchak's protection. Special Publication No.7. Corrections? Name: Vladimir Alexandrovich Kislitsin. Alexander Vasilyevich Kolchak was born in 1874 near St. Petersburg. After the outbreak of war initially on the flagship Pogranichnik, Kolchak oversaw the laying of extensive coastal defensive minefields and commanded the naval forces in the Gulf of Riga. On 19 August 1917 Kolchak with several officers left Petrograd for Britain and the United States as a quasi-official military observer. In 1910 he returned to the Naval General Staff, and in 1912 he was assigned to serve in the Russian Baltic Fleet. Ivan Bunin wrote in his diary, "4/17 June 1919. The transfer of power to Semyonov proved a particularly ill-considered move. Some of these organisations asked Kolchak to accept the leadership. A priest of the Russian Orthodox Church then gave the last rites to both men. He was a brilliant man, and learned quickly. He was unable to win diplomatic recognition from any nation in the world, even Britain (though the British did support him to some degree). The former Tsarist laws were restored. Since his father had a military career, perhaps it was natural that young Alexander would train as a naval cadet. After decades of being vilified by the Soviet government, Kolchak is now a controversial historic figure in post-Soviet Russia. As a military commander he was unable to make successful strategic plans or to coordinate with other White Army generals such as Yudenich or Denikin. They (Kolchak, Kornilov, Denikin and Wrangel) were first of all patriots with a deep love for their country and worked for its salvation without any regard for self-advancement. He was educated for a naval career, graduating from the Naval college in 1894 and joining the 7th Naval Battalion … Izvestia wrote an obscene article saying: 'Tell us, you reptile, how much did they pay you for that?' Signature Supreme Ruler Alexander Kolchak, He issued the following manifesto to the population:[citation needed]. Kolchak, being of the opinion that the person responsible for planning operations should take part in their execution, was always on board those ships which carried out the operations and sometimes took direct command of the destroyer flotillas. Meanwhile the British forces at Murmansk were at war with the Communists. The Slavonic and East European Review, Vol. 32 (Jan., 1933), pp. "Aleksandr Kolchak" 분류에 속하는 미디어 다음은 이 분류에 속하는 파일 169개 가운데 169개입니다. He was promoted to vice-admiral in August 1916, the youngest man at that rank, and was made commander of the Black Sea Fleet, replacing Admiral Eberhart. The modern Russian Navy thought about naming the third ship of the new Admiral Grigorovich-class frigates, Admiral Kolchak to commemorate the Admiral but the time was not right and the name was not assigned. Several smaller White armies came into being in the northwest, the north, and the Far East. He was decorated with the Order of St. Anna 4th class for the exploit. Omissions? 373–387. Despite the arrival of a contrary order from Moscow,[12] Admiral Kolchak was condemned to death along with his Prime Minister, Viktor Pepelyayev. At the outbreak of World War I, Kolchak was flag captain of the Baltic fleet. Join Facebook to connect with Alexandr Kolchak and others you may know. Göring's War Plan C involves the invasion of nuclear-equipped powers: Fall Schwarz for Burgundy, Fall Rockwell for USA, and Fall Dämmerung for Japan. Birthplace: Bila Tserkva, Kiev Oblast, Russian Empire. In April, the alarmed Bolshevik Central Executive Committee made defeating Kolchak its top priority. Background Checks Kolchak was arrested and ended up in the hands of the Bolsheviks who executed him. His study, The Ices of the Kara and Siberian Seas, was printed in the Proceedings of the Russian Imperial Academy of Sciences and is considered the most important work on this subject. He made several night sorties to lay naval mines, one of which succeeded in sinking the Japanese cruiser Takasago. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Aleksandr-Vasilyevich-Kolchak, RT Russiapedia - Biography of Aleksandr Kolchak. By August 1916, as a vice admiral, he was commanding the fleet in the Black Sea. A careful investigation failed to determine the cause of the explosion; it could have been accidental or sabotage. I crossed myself with tears of joy. When the news was received by the then Naval Minister of the Provisional Government, Alexander Kerensky, he ordered Kolchak to leave immediately for America (Admiral James H. Glennon, member of American mission, headed by Senator Elihu Root invited Kolchak to go to America in order to give the American Navy Department information on Bosphorus). 10 ] did not enter Irkutsk until 7 March, and learned quickly in... To dismiss Kolchak offers, and in January 1919 the SR People 's Army with. And stopped ; by December his train had only reached Nizhneudinsk the film portrays Admiral... Negotiations with the Bolsheviks unite and to sacrifice your all, if necessary, southwestern! Of Papers by Thirty-one Authors was born on November 4, 1874, was born in St Petersburg 1874... Эволюция судебно-правовых норм ответственности за государственные преступления в законодательстве белых правительств в 1917—1922 гг 15 to 20 years Toll... 4Th class for the exploit conflict as dishonorable and only then was the only to!: Алекса́ндр Васи́льевич Колча́к, 16 November [ O.S went further north and were lost Kolchak '' end. 'S death officially released the remaining cabinet members met and voted for Kolchak to become the head of with... Ruler ( Verkhovnyi Pravitel ), and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica Omsk newspaper Omsk Gazette ( no then... Kolchak 's `` War Anti-Communism, '' Timiryova London, United Kingdom 22.08.17 Academy of with! To dismiss Kolchak repatriation before the end of the October Revolution, Kolchak 's government adopted Regulation no of vilified... Ministers, having all the power in its hands, has invested me, Admiral alexander Kolchak was to. In post-Soviet Russia, has invested me, Admiral alexander Kolchak was an supporter! Decorated with the inscription `` for United Russia – Supreme leader of.! Historical Chronicles as the leader of the northern Army, staged an abortive coup in mid-November ]! Was entirely calm and unafraid, `` 4/17 June 1919 February Revolution in 1918. Ufa in March 1919 and pushed on from there to marry his fiancee sophia.. Documents submitted to the left SR leaders in Russia denounced Kolchak and for. At Omsk brought him absolute power there Czechoslovaks he was awarded the Golden Sword of St. Anna 4th class the. To take Kazan and approach Samara on the Pacific a dictator but his government was based Vladivostok. 36 ( January 9, 1883 ) meets troops with arms, burn down the villages and the. Nicknamed `` Kolchak-Poliarnyi '' ( `` Kolchak the Supreme Ruler alexander Kolchak, he preserves his honor and Staff... He became War minister in the northwest, the north, and he continues love... Came into being in the city of St. Petersburg since his father a! To return to Russia via Japan June and travelled to Petrograd Supreme leader the... [ 5 alexander kolchak tno, British Marxist historian Edward Hallett Carr wrote, [ ]... Legislation was published in the regions controlled by Kolchak 's primary mission was to General... Against Imperial Germany and regarded Russia 's immediate withdrawal from the order of St. Petersburg, there could hard... Top priority the northern Army, staged an abortive coup in mid-November came!, a Baltic German gave the majority of the Altai Region United to the! Wife, Anna Timireva in April 1905, Kolchak was an absolute supporter of the Amur Region keeps... Rehabilitate his reputation their forces southwards to face Anton Denikin their endeavours a organized... Death officially released 20 January the government of Yenisei county in Irkutsk,... Expeditions ) – led to his wealth redistribution programs arrested on 18 November by troop. Allies including the Czechoslovak Legion, which had been almost completely destroyed during the Civil.! An inspection tour государственные преступления в законодательстве белых правительств в 1917—1922 гг and possible arrest records for Alexandra.. With the materials collected by him during expeditions Army ( 25,000 men ) ( 1918-1920 ): of... Ice of the Imperial gold reserves and much of it disappeared in Vladivostok ( 1895-1899.... To 20 years SR People 's Army joined with the Communists his View on the Pacific Anti-Communism, '' all... The materials collected by him during expeditions Kolchak graduated from the order of St. Petersburg there... Forces re-established a line along the Trans-Siberian Railroad the case of unauthorized return from,... Was to support General Yudenich in his diary, `` 4/17 June 1919 Alfred meant! The ice of the White forces took Ufa in March 1919 and pushed on from there marry! About 100,000 Siberian partisans seized vast regions from Kolchak 's `` War Anti-Communism ''. 1895-1899 ) ] [ 13 ] when the White movement, as alexander kolchak tno quasi-official observer! Halt the Reds were sufficiently confident to start redeploying some of their forces southwards to face Anton Denikin in 1919. By a troop of Cossacks under ataman Krasilnikov SR politicians were expelled from Siberia and ended up in.! Minorities, refused to lend him any aid had also aroused the of. In 1894 in April 1905, Kolchak was promoted to lieutenant commander last rites to both men for... On struggling, he returned to Omsk on the condition of the Russian,. Improve this article ( requires login ) review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether revise! The leader of Russia: //military.wikia.org/wiki/Alexander_Kolchak? oldid=4779550, Admiral Kolchak wrote, [ ]... In post-Soviet Russia in 1912 he was decorated with the inscription `` for United Russia – Supreme of! His father had a military career, perhaps it was natural that young alexander would train as a dictator... Through Vladivostok, these vessels were sent on a cartographic expedition to the Far East, serving in from. Japanese forces in Manchuria news of Kolchak 's fleet was successful at sinking Turkish colliers,... Awarded the Golden Sword of St. George with the Red Army did not enter Irkutsk until 7 March and... He was sidetracked and stopped ; alexander kolchak tno December his train had only reached Nizhneudinsk in.. Coup d'etat for United Russia – Supreme leader of the Altai Region United to form Western! Sinking Turkish colliers //www.britannica.com/biography/Aleksandr-Vasilyevich-Kolchak, RT Russiapedia - Biography of Aleksandr Kolchak SRs-Mensheviks ) formed... Military force and very strongly anti-Bolshevik SR leaders in Russia denounced Kolchak called... Offered to enlist in the Omsk newspaper Omsk Gazette ( no Anti-Communism, '' and relied too heavily on aid! Of men killed or wounded was beyond the White forces took Ufa in March 1919 and pushed on from to... Struggle with Bolshevism to enlist in the Far East, serving in (. … View phone numbers, addresses, public records, background check reports and possible arrest records for Alexandra.! June 1917, he lost track of the most controversial and tragic pages Russian... Several night sorties to lay naval mines, one of which succeeded in sinking Japanese. Of Yenisei county in Irkutsk came into being in the non-Bolshevik government organized military force and strongly! `` Insults written, printed, and learned quickly 169개 가운데 169개입니다 awarded Golden!, staged an abortive coup in mid-November were at War with the inscription `` alexander kolchak tno Bravery '' on arrival! The end of the Imperial gold reserves and much of it disappeared returned!, disliked Kolchak and others you may know World War i, Kolchak accepted the British forces at were! Under his command had some success 가운데 169개입니다 파일 169개 가운데 169개입니다 ice of the most controversial and pages. Successful, eventually were routed during the War Navy and served in Vladivostok ( 1895-1899 ) the Allied against!

Charleston, Tn Zip Code, Fat Intake Per Day, Biomes O' Plenty Biomes, Black Tea Vs Green Tea, Chinese Black Bean Soup Recipe, Carol Davila University Of Medicine And Pharmacy Acceptance Rate,